In order to understand the Cyprus Issue,
one needs to know the recent history of the island. The summary
of the timeline is as follows:
1571-1878 Ottoman Empire Ruling on the Island.
The ancestors of the Turkish Cypriots are Turks who came from Anatolia
during the Ottoman ruling of Cyprus until 1878. All Turkish Cypriots
can be traced back to Turkey, where their ancestors lived.
1878-1960 British Era
In accordance with a defence alliance between the Ottoman Empire
and Great Britain, the administration of the island passed over
to Britain in 1878. At first, it looked like the island was 'rented'
but then in 1914 when Ottoman Empire went into World War I on the
side of Germany, Britain declared annexation of Cyprus to Great
Britain. This was officially accepted in 1923 in the treaty of Lausanne
This was an era when Greek Cypriots constantly rebelled against
the British to declare independence of the island.
In 1955, the greeks formed a terrorist organisation called EOKA
that aimed at uniting the island with Greece and they started their
heavy attacks aimed at the British.
1960 was the time when the Republic of Cyprus was formed with the
guaranteeing states of Turkey, Greece and England. The guarantee
given by these states was to maintain the constitutional order on
the island and lawfully intercept any external intervention on the
1960-1963 Peaceful days of Cyprus Republic
The first few years of the republic were calm. Both partners of
the republic worked in harmony to flourish the newly formed state.
Greek representation was 70% and the Turkish representation was
30% in the administration.
1963-1974 Inter-Communal Strife in Cyprus
The Turkish citizens of Cyprus Republic were the last obstacle standing
in the way of unification of the island with Greece. Hence, the
attacks on the Turkish Cypriots by the Greek Cypriots... The fresh
partnership with the Greek and Turkish Cypriots on the island collapsed...
Turkish officers and members of the parliament were thrown out of
15 July 1974 Coup d'etat by Greek Military Officers in
This is the 'little' detail that some politicians or fanatic Greek
Cypriots will 'miss' when they tell the story about Cyprus.
YES... The Greeks have overthrown the Government of Cyprus (which
was all Greeks) in order to unite the island with Greece.
YES... The Greek junta intervention on the island tried to kill
Makarios (President of Cyprus Republic, a Greek Cypriot) who fled
from the island with the help of British forces.
YES... The Greek junta killed many civilians (Greek and Turkish)
who opposed this intervention.
20 July 1974 Turkish Military Intervention (Peace Operation)
In order to save thousands of Turkish and Greek Cypriots on the
island and restore order, Turkey has ordered its forces to land
in Cyprus, only after the Greek Military operation. Turkish operation
was relatively short and the island was divided in to two sections.
Southern part of the island is now occupied by Greek Cypriots and
Northern part by the Turkish Cypriots. For the first time since
Ottoman Era in Cyprus, there has been continuous peace on the island
for the last thirty years.
15 November 1983 - ... Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
After repated inter-communal attempts to re-unite the island, Turkish
Republic of Northern Cyprus was declared and the republic is now
22 years old... The Turkish Cypriots are living peacefully in the
Northern part of the island. The latest attempt by Secretary
General Mr. Kofi Annan in 2004 was accepted by 65% of the Turkish
Cypriots and REJECTED by 76% of the Greek Cypriots. The plan gives
official recognition to the title deeds issued by Turkish Republic
of Northern Cyprus to properties in North Cyprus.
The property issue in North Cyprus is a political one. One cannot
expect resolving issues with the help of courts. The refugees that
came from South Cyprus to North and the refugees that went from
North Cyprus to South have all deserted their properties in their
original locations. The Turkish properties in the south of the island
are now occupied by the Greek refugees and the Greek properties
in the north are taken over by the Turkish refugees. The Greek Cypriot
administration has built many houses and other buildings on Turkish
properties in the south of the island. The Greek Cypriot propaganda
about properties in the North is a new effort by the Greek Cypriots
to isolate the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is not
getting any international recognition by any states other than themselves.
Their vain efforts to have the island completely to themselves have
Please note that ALL of our developments are being built on internationally
recognised properties and ALL our developments have the necessary
permits, title deeds (free of legal obligations) and our building
standards are international. In short, we do everything by the book.