| Bird Watching
| Sea Tutrle Watching
Yatching - Boattours
North Cyprus Orchids
| Bird Watching
It is possible to watch 347 different species of bird
in Cyprus. However, only 46 of these are native of Cyprus,
and 7 of these are the endemic sub-species (that is
only found in Cyprus). 119 out of the 347 birds that
can be observed on the island are of winter-migrant
breeder type, and 90 of these migrate to Cyprus regularly
every winter-time. 29 of these winter-migrants migrate
to the island less regularly than others. Together with
the native Cypriot birds 27 of them migrate to Cyprus
for breeding purposes. Apart from these, there are 220
other species of birds that use Cyprus as transit while
migrating to other lands. 200 of these 220 species regularly
pass as transit from Cyprus during their migration season.
These are mostly the birds breeding in Europe, and migrating
to Middle East and Africa. There are also birds that
occasionally come to Cyprus by mistake, when they lose
their groups, or their ways. There have so far 51 of
this latter type recorded. Cyprus is on a north-south
migration route and there are many birds in transit,
some in vast flocks, some in small clusters. These migrating
birds may only rest for a few days to a week. March
to May is the period of north-ward migration and August
to October the southward.
Turkish: Kizil Akbaba
Status Winter visitor: resident breeder.
Turkish: Kir Kirlangici
Status: Migrant breeder
Turkish: Sari Asma / Incir Kusu
Status: Winter visitor, passage migrant.
Turkish:Ordek / Bozdalagan
Latin:Aythya ferina (L
Cyprus Pied Wheatear
Endemic:the most distinctive and interesting species
of all the endemic birds in Cyprus
First institutionalised attempts at the protection
of the birds in Northern Cyprus started in 1989, with
the foundation of the North Cyprus Society for the Protection
of Birds, NCSPB (or KUSKOR). The association works in
close co-operation with other environmentalist association,
especially the local North Cyprus- Greenpeace Movement
for the protection of the natural beauties, the wild
animals, and the endemic birds of Cyprus. NCSPB stages
public educational programmes throughout the year in
village coffee shops, hunting clubs, sports clubs, and
schools. These programmes, consisting mainly of introduction
of birds and their environment, last year (1994) alone
presented to more than 800 people in over 40 villages,
which pleased both the people who listened to the casual
chats and the NCSPB. The results achieved out of these
programmes were important because most of the listeners
There are several official camping sites in the Girne
and Gazi Magusa areas which offer services such as washrooms,
toilets, restaurants and bars. However the more intrepid
visitor may wish to venture out into the wild, where
there are no such facilities. There are no restrictions
on such activities except that lighting fires in forest
areas is an offence.
| Cultural Life
For Turkish Cypriots, family life is of ultimate importance
and therefore a great amount of their free time is spent
at family gatherings, barbeques and weddings. Turkish
Cypriots are highly sociable and like to go out, see
people and be seen. All towns and even some villages
hold festivals usually in the early summer. For information
about these festivals and other events please contact
the Ministry of Tourism.
There are several caves in Northern Cyprus that you are
free to explore. One, known as the Hot Cave, north of
Agirdag village on the southern slopes of the Five Finger
mountains, is a partially collapsed natural formation.
Warm air emanates from the cave, hence the name. Do not
attempt to enter the cave. Another natural cave in Girne
area is the Güvercinlik Cave near Alevkayasi. Access
to the cave involves some fairly difficult climbing. Proceed
with caution. There are three more caves in the Gazi Magusa
area. Probably the most beautiful cave is Incirli Cave,
a hundred mete long passage which contains an amaizing
collection of stalatites and stalagmites. The cave is
opened on Sundays (or by special arrangement with the
village muhtar). There is a small entrance fee. Gastro
Cave between Kuruova and Kaleburnu villages is a man made
cave containing three rooms. Finally the omniously named
Execution Cave, near Kaleburnu. There is set to be a golden
earthenware jar hidden somewhere in the cave.
The ZET International Karting Circuit, which exceeds
the highest European standards and has one of the best
racing surfaces in the region, has become a frequent
stop for the fans of the sport since its opening on
the 20th of May 2000. This remarkable structure which
is un-matched even in Europe and is expected to contribute
immensely to the Karting sport, provides drivers with
5 different racing distances, namely 300, 600, 900,
1100 and 1200 meters. The asphalt platform is 7 meters
wide and has sand and earth barriers.
Zet Karting & Leisure Centre Ltd.
Tel: 090 533 866 6173
There are several stables offering riding lessons in
the Girne and Gazi Magusa areas. Some stables also allow
customers to hire horses to take out.
Hunting is the greatest passion of many a Turkish Cypriot
man. The season runs from October to February and is
limited to Sundays only. Hunting areas are strictly
controlled by the government and hunters must be licensed.
The most popular prey for hunters are partridge, wood
pigeon and hare.
GIRNE GUN CLUB
SUNSHINE SPORTING CLAYS
Girne Gun Club in Northern Cyprus is a perfect option
for the traveling shooter. It is situated, just a few
miles west of the historic port of Girne , the club
is already drawing many visitors from the U.K. , drawn
by the island’s wonderful spring and autumn weather,
Construction began in 2000 and the club was officially
opened in October 2001. At its heart is a steep valley
winding its way up the hillside with panoramic views
up to the Besparmak Mountains and out to sea. A path
has been created along the valley and a large number
of permanent shooting positions established. The steep
slopes give the course designer endless scope to present
challenging targets to suit all abilities and heavy
investment in automatic traps is taking place to make
the most of the potential. For shooters, the appeal
will lie not just in the weather but also in the chance
to adapt their skills to very different conditions.
The rugged scenery is quite unlike anything to be found
back home and judging target trajectories can be tricky
against the brilliant blue skies. With virtually unlimited
access to the sporting course, there is plenty of opportunity
to practice! Shooters can also enjoy a round of skeet
or compact sporting on the ranges conveniently situated
next to the impressive log-built clubhouse. Here a bar
and snack bar provide the much needed refreshments after
a round out in the sunshine and there is the chance
to relax and enjoy the cooling breezes on the club house
veranda and watch others in action. Cartridges, including
a selection of popular international brands are available
at the ground. The formalities of taking a shotgun into
Cyprus are straightforward. Mediterranean Leisure Activities
Ltd. in conjunction with Hetim Tourism who are the main
and local booking agents for the club, will arrange
all the necessary customs documentation in advance and
there should be few if any delays on arrival at the
airport. One point to note however, semi automatic guns
are not allowed on the island yet. Once there the club
has a secure armoury where your gun can be stored for
the duration of your stay.
It is not hard to see the appeal of Cyprus and the Girne
Gun Club, Excellent facilities and the fabulous weather
would be enough. For the family man however there is
also much for the non-shooting members to do and enjoy,
all at prices that won’t break the bank. Girne
Gun Club and its facilities are looking forward to welcome
Mediterranean Leisure Activities
Tel: 0137 2456480
e-mail: [email protected]nyonline.co.uk
Tel: 90-392 8159747
e-mail: [email protected]
Northern Cyprus has one National Park in the Karpaz
Peninsula. Here a large number of birds, wild donkeys,
turtles, rare flora and amazingly beautiful beaches
can be found.
With its wealth and variety of landscapes Northern
Cyprus is an ideal place for keen photographers. Care
should be taken not to take photographs in the vicinity
of military installations as it is strictly forbidden.
Since 1992, Marine Turtle Research roup, in conjunction
with the Society for the Protection of Turtles in Northern
Cyprus and the Department for Environmental Protection,
has been undertaking an annual survey, recording the
turtles activity during the summer months. In the company
of the team at Alagadi Beach (30 minutes drive from
Kyrenia) you can share this unique event. Just before
sunset you join the students at their base, "The
Goat Shed" at Alagadi. First you are given information
about the turles and the project, and then, when darkness
falls, you will be taken down to one of the two Alagadi
bays. There you will wait while the students survey
the beaches. As soon as a female has begun to lay, you
are, in slience, allowed to approach the nesting place.
(No photoflashes are allowed at this important time.)
And there, before your eyes, you can witness this one
hundred million year old wonder, as soon after the other
these mother-of-pearl shimmering eggs, the size of table
tennis balls, are dropped into the nest cavity. On a
lucky night you will be able to experience this unique
happening several times before you return to your hotel,
tired but happy. Incubation is indeed not by the female
turtles but by the warmth of the Cyprus sunshine. After
about 50 days the small hatchlings begin to emerge from
the surface of their sandy nests. This is another fantastic
experience that takes place in some forty nesting beaches
around Northern Cyprus. All are welcome to participate
in this event as well to witness up to a hundred of
these amazing little creatures, not more than 6-7 cm
long, fight their way from the nest down to the sea,
is an unforgettable sight. It is sad fact that only
one in thousand survive. Even less would survive if
it was not for the special conversation project taking
place here in North Cyprus concerning this endangered
species. We feel it is our responsibility to help these
creatures to survive and to be able to continue, without
threat to their nesting grounds, to visit our island.
This has been their home much longer than it has been
ours. The best times to observe the nesting is at the
end of June and beginning of July. To observe the hatching
is the best during end of August and beginning of September.
Some tour companies and hotels organise their own bus
tours of the island. If your company does not do so
and you wish to join a tour, contact the Tourist Information
|Walking - Hiking - Trekking
Hiking tours for people of all ages and physical disposition
are organized by a number of centers in the Girne area
generally conducted in the Girne mountain range. One
particular tour party, organized by "Mountain Climbing
Sport Association", meets every Sunday between
October and the end of April and twice a month (again
on Sundays) between the summer months from May to the
end of September. During the winter, the tour programme
is published at the beginning of every month explaining
the route and where to meet etc. All walks, as well
as being good exercise, endeavour to show walkers interesting
natural and historical features. The tours generally
start at 7.30 am and finish between 10 and 11 am. It
is essential that you wear proper grooved walking shoes.
You must also take your own water, and a hiking stick
Tel: 090 542 851 18 00 ( Mr. Mustafa Cemal - Chief
of The Association )
There are several beaches in Girne and Gazi Magusa,
which offer a variety of water sports ranging from water
skiing, parascending, wind-surfing and Jet skiing. And
|Wildlife in Northern Cyprus
With an average of only 51 people per square kilometre,
Northern Cyprus holds the enviable reputation of being
relatively free of pollution, industry or high concentrations
of population. And with 387 km of coastline and pine,
cypress and maquis covered hillsides; Northern Cyprus
is something of a haven for wildlife. Northern Cyprus
plays host to over 1600 plant species of which 22 are
endemic, 350 species of birds, of which 7 are endemic,
and 26 different species of reptile and amphibian. The
two main reasons for this amazing diversity are, firstly,
that Cyprus was not affected by the last ice-age (which
wiped out many species from areas further north), and
secondly, that Cyprus forms a resting, and nesting,
station for birds migrating between Africa and Eastern
Yacht and boat tours are available throughout the summer
from Girne Harbour. There are many vendors, so take
time to find a suitable service. There are also tours
which depart from the port in Gazi Magusa and sail along
the Karpaz Peninsula.
The Environment that we inheritted and the next generation
will inherit from us, is worth of more awareness and
love... There is a mysterious sense at the word 'Orchid
... "It Has To Be Known To Love"
From this point on, we prepared this inventory of the
orchids of our beautiful island, Cyprus. Our duties
include the possession of orchids in a way to protect
them by introducing them. Perhaps it will be suitable
to begin our words saying: "What is orchid? and
Is wild orchid present in the environment we live in?
. The terms orchid anticipates an expensive plant with
pleasant odour and eye-catching colours. It is generally
presented to women. But beyond its prevalent image and
being man s favourite for centuries, orchids, as mysterious
individuals of the nature, are not far from us.
Perhaps we met most of them during a picnic, or during
a walk we had with friends in the country but we didn't
noticed them perhaps we were not interested in them.
If you get acquainted with orchids or get interested
in them for the first time, our web site will be a good
guide for you at the beginning.
All the plants, covered in this web site are the orchid
growing naturally in Northern Cyprus. Of these thirty
two taxon, one is endemic to Cyprus. The others are
the members widespread in five continents. With this
information, we prepared and presented, both botanic
specialists and passionate amateurs lowers of nature
will have the opportunity to know closely the orchids
of Northern Cyprus.
The family Orchidaceae, thought to have originated from
the Liliaceae family, is one of the largest and most
evolved plant families in the entire plant kingdom.
Orchids (Orchidaceae) comprise the most diverse family
of plants, with over 25,000 described species in 400
to 800 genera worldwide. The Amazon is among the world's
richest sources of native orchids, from where thousands
of species are described and many more undoubtedly remain
to be discovered. Orchids are differ from other flowering
plants because they have: their stamens and pistils
(male and female parts) fused together in one structure
known as a column three petals and three petal-like
sepals usually has one different petal that forms a
lip or labellum making the flower laterally symetrical
the pollen is usually bound together in a few large
masses known as pollinia their flowers twists around
during development known as resupination.
Ecology of Orchids
The ecology of orchids is a complex topic as the flowers
themselves. Orchids have a large habitat diversity and
can be found almost anywhere in the world, especially
in tropical and warm temperate regions. Many orchids
live on other plants (epiphytic), on decayed material
(saphrophytic) or independent as usual plants (auto
trophic). Nearly all orchids are pollinated by insects
notably bees and wasps, but also butterflies, ants,
flies and others. Moreover, almost every orchid species
is pollinated by just one or two kinds of insects. Even
though there are plentiful, many of them may go extinct
if its pollinator insect dies out.
North Cyprus Orchids
Because of their rarity and beauty, orchids hold a special
fascination for all naturalists. At North Cyprus, the
orchid flora consists of 32 confirmed species, subspecies
and varieties and a further three or five which presence
needs verifying. Some species will be familiar to botanists
from north-western Europe, such as pyramidal orchid
and autumn lady's tresses, but there are also more exotic
species including violet limodore, tongue-flowered serapias,
naked man orchid and more. No doubt more observant botanists
will find these and other orchid species more frequently
but we think it s true to say that they are localised
and hence always a delight when stumbled upon.
Perennial herbs with two ovoid or ellipsoid tubers.
Leaves up to 10, bright green, rosulate, Stem erect
up to 50 cm, with cailine leaves. Infloresence dense
and many flowered. The flowers resemble a naked man.
Pinkish-white with pink dots. Species grows in grigue,
in maqiue, or under Pine forest, sometimes in damp grassy
hillsides on calcerous soils from sea-leavel to 1000m.
Flowering period March-April.
Perennial herbs with 2-3 tubers. Stem erect, up to 35cm.
Leaves up to 10, mostly rosulate, oblong to linear-lanceolate.
Infloresence few to many flowered, cylindirical, lax
Flowers spurred, bright yellow or pale yellow coloured
and unspotted. Species grows at dry rocky places in
Pine forests, often in association with Orchis morio
ssp. Picta from 150 to 1000m. Flowering period March
Tuberous perennial herbs. Stem up to 40 cm, pinkish-purple
and glaucous. Leaves rosulate and cauline, 2-6, spotted
or unspotted. Infloresence dense, many flowered.
Flowers white, yellowish, pink or pinkish-purple. Species
grows in garig, under Pinus or Cupressus foreste, usually
on calcerous soils from 100 to 1000m. Flowering period
March – April.
Tuberous perennial herbs, with stem up to 50 cm. Leaves
up to 10, mostly rosulate, unspotted. Infloresence up
to 14 flowered, lax or dense.
Flowers dark pink, red to purple with darker nerves
and spots. Species grows in garigue or in dry grassy
places on calcerous soils near the sea-level. Flowering
spiralis (L.) Chevall.
Perennial herbs, roots tuberous and fleshy, stem up
to 35 cm. Leaves unspotted, fleshy, basal and cauline.
Infloresence spirally twisted, flowers numerous, white,
scented.Species grows on grassy banks and in sand dunes,
\ .acier garigue 01 Pinus from sea-level to 300 m. Flowering
Perennial herbs with two ovoid or ellipsoid tubers.
Stem erect up to 45cm. Leaves 3-6, bright green, unspotted,
rosulate and sometimes with stem leaves. Insloresence
dense and many flowered.
Flowers white with dark pink tips.Species grows in garigue,
and grassy places, on stony slopes, in Pine forsest,
on calcerous soils from 500 to 1000m. Flowersing period
April – May.
bornmuelleri ssp. Bornmuelleri
Distinguished from O. bornmuelleri ssp. bornmuelleri
by its with more compact and less elongated infloresence,
up to 7 flowered. Labellum brownish, hairy, with creamy
yellow shoulders and h-shape, below shoulders, without
creamyyellow bordered. Species grows at damp grassy
places, in garigue, under Pine or Cypress, on calcerous
soils from 100 to 700 m. Flowering period March-April.
Tuberous perennial herbs. Stem up to 40 cm, rather fleshy
often red or purplish. Leaves rosulate and cauline,
dark green. Infloresence lax, up to 20 flowered. Flowers
variable in colour ranging from violet to creamy white.
Species grows in garigue or in sandy or stony places
mostly on calcerous soils from sea-level to 400 m. Flowering
abortivum (L.) Swartz.
Plants usually robust. Stem is thick, erect, up to 80
cm, violet, violet-red or bluish-violet and resembles
an asparagus. Infloresence a spike-like raceme up to
25 flowered. Sepals and petals pale to dark violet.
Species grows in Pine forests, dry grassy places, on
calcerous soils from 800 to 1000 m. Flowering period
vomeracea (Burm.fil.) Briq.ssp. orientalis W.Greuter
Perennial herbs up to 30 cm. Leaves 4-6, broadly lanceolate
bluish to yellowish-green. Infloresence condensed with
3-6 flowered. Flowers of all Serapias species have a
lip divided into two, a front section and 2 side section.
The front section reminds a tongue. This sub-species
has larger front lip or tongue than the S. vomeracea
ssp. laxiflora. Species grows in damp calcerous or slightly
acidic soils under Olive or Pine trees from sea-level
to 400 m. Flowering period March-May.
vomeracea ssp. Laxiflora
Perennial herbs up to 60 cm. Leaves 4-7, linear to lanceolate
unspotted. Infloresence elongate with up to 10 flowered.
All Serapias flowers, just like Ophrys flowers have
simillar shape, resemble a tongue and this sub-species
has smaller front lip or tongue than S. vomeracea ssp.
orientalis.Species grows primarily in calcerous damp
soils from sea-level to 800 m. Flowering period March-April.
parviflora. Ophrys fusca ssp. Fusca
erennial herbs with two ovoid tubers. Leaves up to 6,
rosulate, narrow or broad elliptic. Infloresence lax,
up to S flowered.
Labellum, which resembles an insect in outline, is brownish
with two paler eye-shaped dots near its top, and a narrowyellow
margin is characteristic. Species grows under Pine,
Cypress, Olive or Cistus, in garigue or at limestone
hills or on calcerous places from sea-level to 1000
m. Flowering period February-April .
fusca ssp. Fleischmanii
Perennial herbs with two ovoid tubers. Leaves up to
6, rosulate, narrow or broad ellipti0c.Infloresence
lax, up to 10 insect shaped flowered. Labellum is brownish-yellowish
and white w-shaped line divide it into two clear parts.Species
grows in garigue or under Pine forests, on calcerous
soils from SOO to 1000 m. Flowering period February-April.
fusca ssp. tricolor
Perennial herbs with two ovoid tubers. Leaves up to
6, rosulate, narrow or broad elliptic.
Infloresence lax, up to 5 insect shaped flowered. Labellum
is brownish with two blue eye-shaped dots near its top.
Species grows, in garigue or under Pinus or Cistus,
from sea-level to 1000 m. Flowering period February-April.
lutea ssp. galilaea
Perennial herbs with two ovoid tubers. Stem up to 40
cm. Leaves 4-8, all basal forming a rosette. Infloresence
lax, up to 7 flowered. Insect shaped flowers resemble
O. fusca ssp. fusca but düs one has wider yellow margin.
Species grows in garigue or stony places under Pines
or Olives on calcerous soils from sea-level to 1000
m. Flowering period February-April.
bornmuelleri ssp. grandiflora
P erennial herbs with two tubers. Stem up to 40 cm.
Leaves 3-4, all basal except 1 at stem. Subspecies bornmuelleri
with very lax, elongated infloresence, up to IS flowered.
Labellum, brownish, hairy, with cream) yellow shoulders
and creamy yellow bordered h-shape below shoulders.
Species grows in garigue, under pines or at grassy places,
on calcerous soils from sea-level to 1000 m. Flowering
sphegodes ssp. Mammosa
Perennial herbs with two oblong or ovoid tubers. Stem
up to 80 cm., bearing upto 4 cauline leaves. Infloresence
lax up to 10 flowered. Insect shaped parts of the flowers
blackish and has bright purplish h-shaped lines. Species
grows in garigue or under Pines, on calcerous soils
from sea-level to 1000m. Flowering period March-June.
sphegodes ssp. Transhyrcana
Distinguished from O. sphegodes Mammosa by its narrower
insect shaped parts (Labellum) of flowers. Special grows
in garigue or under Pines, often in damp places, on
calcerous soils from 100 to 1000 m. Flowering period
apifera var. Chlorantha
Perennial herbs with two globose tubers. Leaves up to
9, dark greei mostly rosulate. Stem up to 50 cm., bearing
1-2 cauline leaves. Infloresenc lax, up to 17 flowered.
Labellum entire, green, yellowish-green or pink, with
distinct appendage at its lower end and two yellowish
dots above the appendage. Horshoe shaped dots near the
neck of the labellum.Species grows on sandy or on calcerous
soils, approximately at 200 m.Flowering period April.
argolica ssp. elegans
Perennial herbs with two small globose or ovoid tubers.
Leaves 3-4 mostly basal. Stem up to 35 cm., bearing
2-3 cauline leaves. Infloresence lax, up to 6 flowered.
Labellum nearly entire, pale pinkish-violet, lilac or
purple, with soft hairs on the shoulders. Central area
of the labellum with spectacle shaped metalic purple
spot. Species grows at grassy, shady places under Pine,
Cypress, in garigue or on sand dunes or on calcerous
soils from sea-level to 1000 m. Flowering period February-March.
Perennial herbs with two ovoid tubers. Leaves dark green,
all basal except 1 at stem. Infloresence up to 10 flowered.
Sepals pale pink with green nerves and petals olive
green, purple tinged at center. Shoulders hairy and
tips yellow tinged. Only Cyprus endemic orchid species.
Species grows at grassy, shady places under Pine, Cypress,
also under Acacia and Eucalyptus, in garigue or on sand
dunes or on calcerous soils from sea-level to 1000m.
Flowering period March-April.
Perennial herbs with two globose or eliptic tubers.
Leaves up to 10 and groupped at the base. Stem up to
60 cm. Infloresence lax, up to 12 flowered. Insect shaped
part of the flower narrower, brownish with purplish
Shoulders hairy and appendage tri-lobed. Species grows
at shady places under Pine or Cypress, in garigue or
on dry turf from 100 to 1000m. Flowering period March-June.
umbilicata ssp. Umbilicata
Perennial herbs with two tubers. Leaves up to 8, mostly
basal. Stem up to 45 cm with 1-2 cauline leaves. Infloresence
up to 12 flowered. Insect shaped part labellum with
white bordered brownish spots, one at the center and
two below shoulders. Shoulders hairy and labellum with
yellowish appendage at the bottom.Species grows at variable
habitats from sea-level to 800 m. Flowering period March-April.
umbilicata ssp. attica
Distinguished from O. Umblicata ssp. Umbilicata by its
longer shoulders, wider labellum and smaller yellowish
appendage at the bottom. Species grows in garigue, shady
places under Pine, Cypress, or in dry turf, on calcerous
soils from sea-level to 300 m . Flowering period March-April
Herbaceous perennials with 2-3 large tubers. Leaves
5-8 large, unspotted and grouped at the base of the
stem. Cauline leaves amplexicaul and much smaller. Stem
up to 80 cm. Infloresence long, many flowered. Flowers
large, scented, white or pink with central area white
and spotted pinkish.
Monotypic genus, widespread in the world from sea-level
to 500 m. Flowering period February-March.
anatolica var. anatolica
Plant perennial, herbaceous with two tubers. Stem up
to 50 cm. Leaves 2-5, oblong or eliptic, rosulate, dark
green with dark spots or blotches. Infloresence lax
up to 14 flowered. Flowers white, pale pink and purple
with red spots. Species grows in garigue, in stony places,
in light forest on calcerous soil from 150 to 1000 m.
Flowering period March-May.
morio ssp. picta
Tuberous perennial herbs, with stem up to 70 cm. Leaves
up to 9, mostly rosulate sometimes 1-2 cauline, unspotted.
Flowers yellowish-green, yellow or brownish-yellow with
reddish dotts. Species grows in garigue, on dry stony
or sandy slopes, on calcerous soils from 100 to 300
m. Flowering period February.
coriophora ssp. fragrans
Tuberous perennial herbs. Stem up to 60 cm. Leaves rosulate
up to 10 and with several leaves above, unspotted. Infloresence
dense and many flowered. Flowers purple, red or reddish
purple, three red spotted and sweet scented. Species
grows in garigue and dry grassy places and by the roadsides
on calcerous soils from sea-leve;l to 600 m. Flowering